Connect
To Top

Spanish Conditional: Form of the Conditional Mood of Irregular Spanish Verbs

Spanish Conditional: Form of the Conditional Mood of Irregular Spanish Verbs

The conditional mood in Spanish is a verb form that refers to verbs in the present tense, simple aspect, conditional mood, and active voice. Unlike regular Spanish verbs, the conjugations for irregular verbs in the conditional mood are irregular and unpredictable. However, only a handful of verbs in Spanish are irregular in the conditional mood with most following a pattern. And, to make learning the conditional mood easier for Spanish language students, all Spanish verbs take the same conditional suffixes. The following sections explain the formation of the conditional mood of irregular Spanish verbs.

Irregular Conditional Stems

The first and largest category of irregular Spanish verbs in the conditional mood is the verbs whose stem takes a -dr in place of the infinitive suffix. To form the conditional stem of the –dr verbs, remove the infinitive ending and add a ­-dr to the end of the verb. (The only exception to this rule is poner “to put” in which the second d is omitted.) For example:

  • anteponer “to put in front”: antepondr-
  • componer “to compose”: compondr-
  • contener “to contain”: contendr-
  • detener “to stop”: detendr-
  • disponer “to arrange”: dispondr-
  • imponer “to impose”: impondr-
  • mantener “to maintain”: mantendr-
  • obtener “to obtain”: obtendr-
  • poder “to be able to”: podr-*
  • poner “to put”: pondr-
  • proponer “to propose”: propondr-
  • reponer “to replace”: repondr-
  • retener “to retain”: retendr-
  • salir “to leave”: saldr-
  • suponer “to suppose”: supondr-
  • tener “to have”: tendr-
  • valer “to merit”: valdr-
  • venir “to come”: vendr-

The second category of irregular Spanish verbs in the conditional mood is the verbs whose stem takes an -r in place of the infinitive suffix. To form the conditional stem of the –r verbs, remove the infinitive ending and add a ­-r to the end of the verb. For example:

  • caber “to fit”: cabr-
  • haber “to have”: habr-
  • saber “to know”: sabr-

The third category of irregular Spanish verbs in the conditional mood is the verbs whose stems are simply irregular. The verbs in the third category must simply be memorized. For example:

  • decir “to say”: dir-
  • hacer “to do”: har-
  • querer “to want”: querr-

Notice that the irregular conditional stems in Spanish are identical to the irregular simple future stems in Spanish.

Orthographic Changing Conditional Stems

Three common Spanish verbs experience slight a slight spelling change in the conditional mood. For the verbs with orthographic changes, simply remove the accented vowel in the conditional mood. For example:

  • oír “to hear”: oir-
  • reír “to laugh”: reir-
  • sonreír “to smile”: sonreir-

Note that, although the conditional forms of these three verbs are spelled without an accent mark, the accent is still on the same vowel because of the rules for Spanish pronunciation.

Irregular verbs are verbs whose conjugations include a pronunciation or spelling change in the stem of the verb in the conditional mood. Spanish language learners must learn to form the conditional forms of irregular Spanish verbs in order to fully use and understand verbs the Spanish language.

For the conjugations of irregular Spanish verbs in the simple future, please refer to Spanish Conditional: Form and Use of the Conditional Mood of Regular Spanish Verbs.

Note: I have studied Spanish as a foreign language. Please feel free to correct any mistakes that I have made in my Spanish.

References

Ramboz, Ina. 2008. Spanish verbs & essentials of grammar (Verbs and Essentials of Grammar Series), 2nd edn. New York: McGraw-Hill.

More in Information

  • Word Matrix: Pink

    <pink> “pale red color” meaning “pale rose color” first recorded 1733 “small” from Dutch pink “small” Word Sums pink Pink +...

    Heather JohnsonApril 18, 2019
  • Word Matrix: Yester

    <yester> “former, earlier, previous” from Old English geostran “yesterday” Words Sums Yester Yester + s = yesters Yester + Day =...

    Heather JohnsonApril 16, 2019
  • Word Matrix: Somn

    <somn> “sleep” from somnus “sleep” Words Sums Somn + us = somnus Somn + o + G(e)n(e) = somnogen Somn +...

    Heather JohnsonApril 15, 2019
  • Are ‘Yesterday,’ ‘Today’, and ‘Tomorrow’ Nouns or Adverbs?

    Are the words yesterday, today, and tomorrow adverbs or nouns? Oxford Living Dictionaries identifies all three words as an adverb first...

    Heather JohnsonApril 14, 2019
  • Lies Your Grammar Teacher Told You: Singular and Plural

    I recently shared a photo across my social media accounts of the grammar textbook that I currently use with my oldest....

    Heather JohnsonApril 6, 2019