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All posts tagged "grammatical function"

  • Using Verbs and Verb Phrases as Adjunct Adverbials

    Notional grammars traditionally verbs as “words that denote actions and states of being.” A verb phrase consists of a verb plus...

    English VerbsHeather JohnsonJune 15, 2019
  • Adjectives Versus Verbs: Participial Adjectives

    As I have written many times before, the line between grammatical forms is blurry at best, especially among lexical categories like...

    English AdjectivesHeather JohnsonJune 4, 2019
  • How to Diagram a Sentence: Form-Function Diagrams

    What is grammar? The popular notion is actual or presumed prescriptive notions about the correct use of a language. But linguistics...

    InformationHeather JohnsonMay 20, 2019
  • Not All Forms That Function as Adverbials Are Adverbs

    The other day I read a tweet that made some claims about adverbs: “The -s in “unawares,” as in “they were...

    English AdverbsHeather JohnsonMay 1, 2019
  • Are ‘Yesterday,’ ‘Today’, and ‘Tomorrow’ Nouns or Adverbs?

    Are the words yesterday, today, and tomorrow adverbs or nouns? Oxford Living Dictionaries identifies all three words as an adverb first...

    English AdverbsHeather JohnsonApril 14, 2019
  • Lies Your Grammar Teacher Told You: Nouns and Adjectives

    Notional grammars define adjectives as “words that describe nouns.” Big, cute, green, small, and wonky are prototypical adjectives. In big bully,...

    English AdjectivesHeather JohnsonMarch 31, 2019
  • Lies Your Grammar Teacher Told You: Indirect Objects

    I recently tweeted my post entitled Using Nouns and Noun Phrases as Indirect Objects. To my tweet, I received a comment...

    Grammatical FunctionHeather JohnsonMarch 29, 2019
  • A Short History of ‘You’

    “What’s wrong with you?” posits the Oxford Dictionaries. But, seriously, what’s up with the oddness that is the second person personal...

    English PronounsHeather JohnsonMarch 12, 2019
  • Determiners Are Not Adjectives

    Traditional grammars categorize determiners with either adjectives or pronouns. But determiners are not adjectives. Repeat after me: Determiners are not adjectives....

    English AdjectivesHeather JohnsonJanuary 12, 2019
  • English Adverb Clauses

    Traditional grammars describe adverb clauses as dependent or subordinate clauses that consist of a subordinating conjunction followed by a clause and...

    English AdverbsHeather JohnsonJuly 11, 2018
  • English P-words

    P-words are prepositions and adverbs that no longer perform prepositional or adverbial functions including particles in phrasal verbs, quasi-modal verbs, and...

    English P-wordsHeather JohnsonJuly 10, 2018
  • Using Coordinating Conjunctions as Coordinators

    Notional grammars define conjunctions as words that “link together other words, phrases, and clauses.” Coordinating conjunctions are a type of conjunction...

    English ConjunctionsHeather JohnsonJuly 7, 2018
  • English Adverbs

    Notional grammars define adverbs as “words that describe verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, and clauses.” An adverb phrase consists of an adverb...

    English AdverbsHeather JohnsonJune 30, 2018
  • The Appositive in English Grammar

    Appositives are words, phrases, and clauses that supports another word, phrase, or clause by describing or modifying the other word, phrase,...

    Grammatical FunctionHeather JohnsonJune 14, 2018
  • English Determiners

    Determiners are a closed class of words that provide information such as familiarity, location, quantity, and number about a noun phrase...

    English DeterminersHeather JohnsonJune 1, 2018