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  • Grammatical Aspect
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    Grammatical Aspect

    Grammatical aspect is the grammaticalized expression of the temporal structure of an action or state. Temporal structure roughly relates to duration. Four grammatical aspects exist in the English language: simple aspect, perfect aspect, progressive aspect, and perfect-progressive aspect. Grammatical Tense Grammatical Aspect in English describes the four grammatical aspects of the English language. Tense and […] More

  • English Auxiliary Verbs
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    English Auxiliary Verbs

    Auxiliary verbs are a subcategory of English verbs that provide additional semantic or syntactic information about the main verb in the verb phrase such as tense, aspect, modality, and voice. The seventeen auxiliary verbs in English grammar are have, be, do, nine modal verbs, and five quasi-modal verbs. Perfect Have The first auxiliary verb in […] More

  • Grammatical Forms of English Verb Phrases
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    Grammatical Forms of English Verb Phrases

    A verb phrase is a phrase in which a verb functions as the head of the phrase plus any auxiliaries (modals, operators, perfects, progressives, passives), modifiers, complements, objects, particles, and determinatives. The six grammatical forms that appear within the internal structure of English verb phrases are: Auxiliary verbs P-words Prepositional phrases Verb phrases Adverb phrases […] More

  • The Perfect in English Grammar
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    The Perfect in English Grammar

    Perfects are words that express the perfect aspect including the perfect-progressive aspect. Perfects function within verb phrases functioning as predicates. Only one grammatical form can perform the function of perfect in English. The one grammatical form that can function as the perfect is the verb. Only the verb have, sometimes referred to as the perfect […] More

  • Using Auxiliary Verbs as Perfects
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    Using Auxiliary Verbs as Perfects

    Verbs are traditionally defined as words that “described an action or a state.” Auxiliary verbs are a subclass of verbs that add functional or grammatical meaning to the main verb. Auxiliary verbs differ from prototypical verbs in that auxiliary verbs perform a limited set of grammatical functions. In grammar, a perfect is a word that […] More

  • Grammatical Functions of English Auxiliary Verbs
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    Grammatical Functions of English Auxiliary Verbs

    English verbs and verb phrases perform four primary and six nominal functions within English grammar. Auxiliary verbs, however, differ from prototypical verbs in that auxiliary verbs perform a limited set of grammatical functions. The auxiliary verbs in English include the modal verbs and quasi-modal verbs, the do-operator, perfect have, progressive be, and passive be. The […] More

  • The Past Perfect Passive of English Verbs
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    The Past Perfect Passive of English Verbs

    As one of the two grammatical voices in the English language, the passive allows the object of a sentence in the active voice to move into the subject position of a passive sentence. The past perfect passive is an English verb form that refers to verbs in the past tense, perfect aspect, indicative mood, and […] More

  • The Present Perfect Passive of English Verbs
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    The Present Perfect Passive of English Verbs

    The passive is a grammatical voice that allows a speaker to move an object of a sentence in the active voice into the subject position of the passive sentence. The present perfect passive is an English verb form that refers to verbs in the present tense, perfect aspect, indicative mood, and passive voice. Formation of […] More

  • English Irregular Verbs: Simple Past and Past Participles
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    English Irregular Verbs: Simple Past and Past Participles

    Irregular English verbs are verbs whose conjugations differ from the conjugation patterns of regular verbs. Many common English verbs are irregular in the simple past and the past participle.┬áIrregular verbs are verbs in Germanic languages that express the simple past tense by means of changes to the stem vowel (ablaut). Irregular verbs are also referred […] More

  • The Past Perfect of English Verbs
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    The Past Perfect of English Verbs

    Conjugated verbs in English express a combination of grammatical tense, grammatical aspect, grammatical voice, and grammatical mood. Tense is defined as the grammaticalized expression of time and aspect as the grammaticalized expression of temporal structure. Mood is defined as the expression of modality and voice as the expression of relationships between predicate and nominal functions. […] More

  • The Present Perfect of English Verbs
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    The Present Perfect of English Verbs

    All conjugated verbs in English express grammatical tense, grammatical aspect, grammatical voice, and grammatical mood. Tense is the grammaticalized expression of time. Aspect is the grammaticalized expression of temporal structure. Mood is the expression of modality. Voice is the expression of relationships between predicate and nominal functions. The present perfect typically refers to verbs in […] More

  • Past Participles of Irregular English Verbs
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    Past Participles of Irregular English Verbs

    Past participles, or -en participles, are a nonfinite verb form in English that perform verbal and adjectival functions. The following sections explain how to form past participles of irregular English verbs including anomalous and how to use past participles in English and include examples to illustrate form and function. Past participles are also referred to […] More

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