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    Using Adjective Clauses as Noun Phrase Modifiers

    Using Adjective Clauses as Noun Phrase Modifiers

    As a type of dependent or subordinate clause, adjective clauses consist of a relative pronoun followed by a clause that consists of a subject and a predicate. Also known as relative clauses, adjective clauses perform adjectival functions.

    In grammar, a noun phrase modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that modifies or describes a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase. In addition to adjectives and nouns, adjective clauses most frequently function as noun phrase modifiers in English. Examples of adjective clauses as noun phrase modifiers include the following:

    • The annoying dog that keeps barking belongs to the neighbors down the street.
    • Calculus, which is my least favorite subject, was required for graduation.
    • He who must not be named killed many witches and wizards.
    • My aunt knows the woman whom you called last night.
    • The man you dislike teaches several courses at the community college.
    • My neighbors, whose roses you ran, party obnoxiously every weekend.
    • Do you remember the time when you visited your great grandparents?
    • The restaurant where we met was demolished last year.

    Adjective Clause as Noun Phrase Modifier

    Adjective Clause as Noun Phrase Modifier Grammar Tree

    Adjective Clause as Noun Phrase Modifiers Grammar Tree


    Brinton, Laurel J. & Donna M. Brinton. 2010. The linguistic structure of Modern English, 2nd edn. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
    Hopper, Paul J. 1999. A short course in grammar. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
    Huddleston, Rodney. 1984. Introduction to the grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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