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    Word Matrix: D (“set, put”)

    Word Matrix: D ("set, put")

    Back at the end of July, I investigated the words <add> and <addition>. I undercovered the base <d>, but I misidentified the meaning. As Gina Cooke of Linguistic Educators Exchange pointed out to me on Twitter, at least two distinct <d> base elements exist. The words <add> and <addition> come from the PIE root *do- “to give.” A handful of related words come from the PIE root *dhe- “to put, place”: <abscond>, <condiment>, <incondite>, and <recondite>.

    <d>
    “set, put” from -dere “put,” from PIE root *dhe- “to put, place”

    Words Sums

    abs + con + D -> abscond
    abs + con + D + s -> absconds
    abs + con + D + ed -> absconded
    abs + con + D + ing -> absconding
    abs + con + D + er -> absconder
    abs + con + D + er + s -> absconders

    con + D + i + ment -> condiment
    con + D + i + ment + s -> condiments
    con + D + i + ment + al -> condimental

    in + con + D + it(e) -> incondite

    re + con + D + it(e) -> recondite
    re + con + D + it(e) + ly -> reconditely

    Morphemes

    d: give; put, place
    -s: forming plural of noun
    -s: forming third person singular of verbs
    -ed: forming simple past and past participle of weak verb
    -ing: forming present participle of verb

    abs-: off, away, or from [variation of ab-]
    -al: relating to, of the kind of, of, relating to, resembling or containing the thing suffixed
    con-: together [assimilated form of com-]
    -er: denoting a person or thing that performs a specified action or activity
    -i-: connecting vowel
    in-: not, without, opposite of
    -it(e): Latin stem suffix
    -ly: denoting manner or degree
    -ment: forming a noun that expresses the means or result of an action
    re-: once again

    Relatives

    <d> “give” (add, date, command, demand, remand, commend, edit, tradition, extradite, deodand, perdition, rend, surrender, vend)

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