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Word Matrix: D (“set, put”)

Word Matrix: D ("set, put")

Back at the end of July, I investigated the words <add> and <addition>. I undercovered the base <d>, but I misidentified the meaning. As Gina Cooke of Linguistic Educators Exchange pointed out to me on Twitter, at least two distinct <d> base elements exist. The words <add> and <addition> come from the PIE root *do- “to give.” A handful of related words come from the PIE root *dhe- “to put, place”: <abscond>, <condiment>, <incondite>, and <recondite>.

“set, put” from -dere “put,” from PIE root *dhe- “to put, place”

Words Sums

abs + con + D -> abscond
abs + con + D + s -> absconds
abs + con + D + ed -> absconded
abs + con + D + ing -> absconding
abs + con + D + er -> absconder
abs + con + D + er + s -> absconders

con + D + i + ment -> condiment
con + D + i + ment + s -> condiments
con + D + i + ment + al -> condimental


in + con + D + it(e) -> incondite

re + con + D + it(e) -> recondite
re + con + D + it(e) + ly -> reconditely



d: give; put, place
-s: forming plural of noun
-s: forming third person singular of verbs
-ed: forming simple past and past participle of weak verb
-ing: forming present participle of verb

abs-: off, away, or from [variation of ab-]
-al: relating to, of the kind of, of, relating to, resembling or containing the thing suffixed
con-: together [assimilated form of com-]
-er: denoting a person or thing that performs a specified action or activity
-i-: connecting vowel
in-: not, without, opposite of
-it(e): Latin stem suffix
-ly: denoting manner or degree
-ment: forming a noun that expresses the means or result of an action
re-: once again


<d> “give” (add, date, command, demand, remand, commend, edit, tradition, extradite, deodand, perdition, rend, surrender, vend)

Written by Heather Johnson

Heather is a writer, librarian, linguist, wife, and mother who loves her husband, children, dogs, and cats. She has a bachelor's degree in English with a minor in creative writing and master's degrees in library and information science and English studies with a concentration in linguistics.

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